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Article downloadable until 30th January 2015

Article written by me and Satu Koivisto downloadable for free until January 30th from here

Pre-Roman Iron Age settlement continuity and cereal cultivation in coastal Finland as shown by multiproxy evidence at Bäljars 2 site in SW Finland

Pre-Roman Iron Age (ca. 500–1 BC) occupation was revealed at the site of Bäljars 2 inSWFinland. Archaeobotany, charcoal analysis, and geochemistry were applied to the samples gathered at the site. The results suggest habitation, storage, agriculture, fire-keeping, and plant gathering at the site during the Pre-Roman Iron Age. By that time, the Lepinjärvi basin was surrounded by rich local flora and served as an excellent node of communication with both overseas regions and the interior of Finland. Eight new sites were discovered around the lake, thus disproving the previously suggested hiatus of habitation around the lake. The light soils were suitable for early cultivation methods. The results point towards cultivation of ard-ploughed, fire-managed, and manured fields, where summer-annual barley, speltoid wheats, and possibly oat were grown. Other contemporary sites in Finland reveal that barley was the most important cereal during the first millennium BC.

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